Six core skills are required for thinking critically:
- Problem-solving: developing a strategy and creating workable solutions
- Analysis: breaking arguments down into bite-sized chunks
- Creative thinking: finding new and often unexpected solutions to all sorts of problems
- Interpretation: decoding the meaning and significance of evidence or experiences
- Evaluation: weighing the strengths and weaknesses of an argument (including those of others) and dealing fairly with disagreements
- Reasoning: the production of compelling and persuasive arguments
Using a variety of instructional strategies, teachers facilitate and support inquiry, conversations, and deep reasoning to support all students in developing the necessary critical thinking skills.